Burnout Stress in Nursing Related with Lazarus and Folkman

According to Lazarus and Folkman (1984), stress is the relationship existing between a person and the environment that compels the individual beyond resources and . Stress in this context, has been defined in respect to the resources and the environmental demands. Each and every individual has a specific capacity to dealing with the challenges of imbalance between the personal needs and the environmental resources. Conversely, individuals have always learned the strategies of dealing with stress, which are known as the coping strategies.

Healthcare professionals; especially nurses are often faced with stress and burnouts at work. The stress results from the compelling demands in the healthcare settings. In most cases, the healthcare professionals tend to show empathy making them to become irresistibly worked out. Burnout on the other hand results from extensive participation in service provision without adequate rest. The healthcare professionals like nurses and the physicians must have favorable conditions under which they perform their duties. The healthcare professionals must know how to tender the antecedents versus the environmental variables during their service provision (Jamal, 2013).

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The personal demands versus the environmental demands are the main basis for stress. Experiences that individuals go through are usually tough and emotionally challenging. Most people do not know how to apply the coping styles thus they end up experiencing the physiological changes as well as the physicall changes. The coping strategies often bring desirable changes to individuals.

The theory by Lazarus and Folkman (1984) portends that the complex processes yield the contributory antecedents that purport to rejuvenate the occurrence of stress. Ideally, the personal factors that facilitate stress include personal commitments and beliefs amid the compelling environmental challenges. This theory identifies the demands of the profession as well as the constraints. Idyllically, threshold of stress is dependent on the mediating processes which are considered as the cognitive appraisals in the theory (Thomas & Lankau, 2009).

The theory of stress and coping helps individuals to understand some of the best ways of dealing with stress. Stress has been labeled as a common feature; especially in the (ICU), where rigorous and demanding services are required. This theory explains how best the issue of stress can be addressed in the healthcare units. It also explains to what extent the coping styles should be practiced and applied.

The first assumption of this theory is that both the environmental and the personal factors act against each other. In this sense, the theorists contend that the forces reciprocate on one another creating a balance. Although the forces may not perfectly counter one another, it is evident that the conflict between the environmental and the personal factors in an individual lead to stress. Second assumption entails the relationship between emotions, cognitions and change. The theorists argue that both cognitions and emotions are subject to change. The changes that individuals experience in their day to day lives may compel them to unfavorable conditions. This is evident since periodical changes in the environment and the norms of the environment may make an individual worked up. In this sense, the individual may end up in stress. In addition, the third assumption says that a number of natural and environmental attributes are the prerequisites for emotions, experiences as well as the (Yi-Hua & Mei-Ling, 2012).

Stress can be of variant causes and of variant nature. People tend to respond to situations and use the same situation to attain their personal ventures. Stress-relevant situations affect individuals and can be solved by focusing on the same underlying situations. During this process, individuals may end up in harm of failure or losing. People often feel pleasant or strong and motivated when they finally achieve their goals; however, the main focus of stress sets in when individuals are unable to succeed their endeavors. Situational stress is very common in the healthcare units among nurses who fail to execute the management of patients as they wish (Peterson & Bredow, 2009).

Some people are stressed with premonitions of harmful events and loss. A forecast of harm or loss to a person may subject an individual to stress. In addition to this, may affect the performance and lives of the individual caregivers. Some healthcare givers experience stress as a result of lost lives during their service provision. It is obvious that hurtful aspects of life make individuals incompetent and depressed.

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