Criminal Justice Research Homicide Essay
Criminology is the study that investigates criminal behaviors concerning an individual and a society. It covers the cause, control and nature of the behavior. It is a field related to all disciplines. As a study, criminology investigates relations among human beings and their activities in the world. Criminology has several research areas. As a study, it explores the causes, magnitudes and incidence of crime. It also gains capacity with the regulations and reaction of crime from the society and the government. Criminology depends on quantitative techniques to explore the circulation and origins of crime. Quantitative methods are systematic and of social phenomena via different techniques. In criminology, quantitative methods have provided the key research methods for reviewing the causes and distribution of crime. They to attain data that is beneficial to a given society. In the investigation, quantitative methods involve key research forms. The forms of , survey and field research. This research assists criminologists in the process of finding effective and dependable data. The data obtained is sampled and then used to about the matter being investigated. There are currently several types of data used to measure crime (Maddan, 2010).
Crime is the violation of laws that forbids it and permit punishment for its commission. In general, there are four methods to measure crime to get quantitative data. One of the methods is observation. Observation as a method is not the best way to obtain information since it does not give a reliable measure of the crime. The second method is surveys of offenders. A survey of offenders is a convenient method to measure data. The advantage of this method is that information not yet reported to authorities can be obtained. Another advantage is that crimes not recorded or reported to authorities can be discovered. Assessment of offenders avails data about them along with their victims. A Survey of offenders exposes the extent of crime perpetrated by an offender. They are helpful, particularly for victimless crimes. The third method is victimization reports. Victimization reports are established on police measures of crime. They are mainly centered on reported crimes. In normal circumstances, knowing the depth of crime is a tough task. Therefore, the various methods are combined to obtain effective data (Hagan, 2008).
Criminal justice is mainly a governmental system that is meant to of crime to stop crime entirely. As a system, it sustains civilization in the society and political world. The main purpose of criminal justice is to implement the standards of conduct essential to defend the community and individuals. In its mandate, criminal justice offers a system of rules applied by a set of institutions. This system consists of three major sections which are the adjudication, the legislative and the corrections agency. Through the primary parts, laws are created and implemented through courts. Criminal justice is completed through criminal justice research (Maddan, 2010).
Criminal justice research is the key solution to successful integrity in criminal cases. It is achieved through criminology by social scientists and criminologists. An example of criminal justice research is the research done on homicides. Homicide is the act of a person taking the life of another person. A form of homicide is murder, which is the prohibited killing of another human. Homicide is not always a punishable act in criminal law (Geberth, 1996).
The purpose of the research study done on homicide was because of the high rates of homicides in the United States. The research was done to find the forms, causes, consequences and incidence of homicide as a crime. The research was to identify the key methods of homicide, their sources, what penalties they bring to individuals and society, and the frequency of homicide occurrence (Hagan, 2008).
The research study design was mainly a form of research in the humanities. It involved the exploration of the details and issues that surround homicide. In this form of research, context is a significant factor. The environmental element can be historical, social, traditional, governmental, or ethnic. This method involves the social scientists and criminologists investigating the background, environment and setting of a homicide. In a homicide setting, the first task for researchers is to do primary research. The researchers are to source from documents and other data. The other task is to interpret the data to understand it and have discussions about it.
The researchers used victims as an operational definition. The victims of homicide were used to provide the information needed in the research. Part of the information was gathered from direct questioning while the other data was obtained through the filling of forms by the victims. The victims were interrogated and cross-examined by the researchers (Hagan, 2008).