Florence Nightingale and the Environmental Theory
Florence Nightingale is regarded as a key pillar in the growth of the nursing profession. During her time, she advanced several theories in this field. One of her models is environmental theory (Masters, 2011). The framework provides that the recovery of a patient requires contributions from the environment. According to Masters (2011), the main features of this theory include the provision of clean water and fresh air to a recovering patient. Effective drainage system, together with general cleanliness and direct sunlight, forms the backbone of this theoretical framework. The model proposed by Nightingale is similar to Betty Newmans theory. The latter incorporates the element of nature in its assumptions. In this paper, the author will analyze the effects of Nightingale and her theory in the nursing profession.
Hegge (2013) points out that patient assessment forms the core of the environmental theory. The model encompasses some humanitarian components derived from Watsons theory. The same is evident when the theory advocates for a positive environment with regards to the patient. The to advance Newmans theory by expanding its scope, especially in relation to environmental stressors (Ives, 2012).
Definition of Terms
As a paradigm, the environmental theoretical model makes reference to four major elements. According to Hegge (2013), the theory talks about nursing, person, health, and environment. The first component is defined as the activities involved in the provision of care to patients. The aim of such care is to promote the health of the client. A person, as used in this paradigm, is regarded as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. The person is made up of geological, spiritual, and physiological components (Hegge, 2013). On its part, health is described as the wellness of an individual and their ability to properly utilize their powers. Finally, the environment is referred to as the space within which a patient is found.
Application of Environmental Theory to the Nursing Practice
According to Masters (2011), the theory is important in the nursing profession as it enhances the comfort of the patient. An example is the case where patients are kept under poor conditions with limited access to fresh water. Based on the definition of health, it is apparent that such patients are unable to exploit their potential. The theory can be compared to Hendersons framework, where caregivers engage in activities aimed at improving the condition of their clients (Masters, 2011).
Practical Application of the Theory in Education
Individuals acquiring nursing skills will find this theory beneficial to their studies. Ives (2012) suggests that a scholar in this field will benefit from this model as it helps them understand the element of well being in a holistic manner. The theory provides nursing students with information on how to improve the environment to ensure that patients respond well to treatment. It is also important as it educates scholars on relevant observational techniques (Masters, 2011). The same is true for Henderson theory, which insists on academic training to . However, Newman and Watson theories are silent on the need for academic undertakings.
Application in Research
In the wider field of research, the environmental theoretical framework helps in the determination of relevant methods used in providing healthcare services. Some of the methods include those techniques used in ensuring that the patient is kept in an environment suitable for their recovery (Hegge, 2013). The theory also provides insights on various aspects of nursing. Such aspects include mechanisms of air purification to ensure that a patient is not affected by pollutants. Similarly, Newmans theory supports research by focusing on stressors in the environment (Masters, 2011).