Nursing in Different Cultures Coursework
Members of a culture may have dissimilar measures of loyalty basing on the main values. Indeed, countries that were culturally intolerant are becoming culturally varied. As such, conflicting perspectives influence the cultural beliefs and ethical values of people since they believe they are right or better. This is attributable to the increased communication, migration and trade. Cultural conflicts can occur when nurses acknowledge the influence of their values on global health. As such, this paper focuses on the cultural concerns attributable to health among Hispanics.
Cultural beliefs related to health in the Hispanic culture
Health practices (Transcultural Nursing, 2008)
They should be pampered when unwell because the family shows love and concern.
They believe that health is Gods gift and they should always thank him.
People who are sick count on family members, especially elders, for reassurance and advice
The elders propose harmless and simple home therapy.
Women are valued and should be protected because the harmony of the family rely on their welfare
They may overlook protective health care and may not show up for appointments.
They are mostly catholic and birth control methods are unacceptable.
They see thinness as a problem therefore; they do not follow an advice that a patient should lose weight because it creates a negative body image.
They have a social healer called curandero and people seek help from him for social, bodily and emotional issues.
Most of their treatments have elements of catholic and Pentecostal rituals and artifacts.
Maintaining good health:
Offering Prayers which involves laying of hands
Wearing of religious medals
Keeping relics in the homes (Ludwick & Silva, 2000)
to pregnancy, birthing process and childrearing
Hispanic women avoid hot food during pregnancy because they believe it can cause the child to be born with spots and rashes.
During pregnancy, women should be active to help in development of a child that is healthy with a better temperament.
Women should avoid wearing anything around the neck, clothes that have elastic, and to reach for things that are up to void problems with umbilical cord.
Intercourse may be halted during pregnancy since they believe it can harm the baby.
Screaming during delivery can impair the baby.
They are not supposed to take any pain medicine because it may harm the baby
They believe that crawling can help to the baby to be in a correct position if it were found to be in bad position.
During labor, the mother may want to dress in bright clothes because they believe the clothes bring babies with better attitudes and intelligence
Attending a woman during delivery is a womans job, specifically her mother and midwife.
A husband is prevented from seeing his wife and baby until after delivery and have been washed and clothed
Hispanic women prefer their mothers care in times of labor
They practice the custom of lying-in period.
Clothes diapers are preferred because they believe disposable plastic diapers are not good for the skin of the baby.
After some months of breast-feeding, the mothers have to take minute amounts of beer to give milk
Babies take some herbal teas to help calm a them if they are colic
Causes of illness in Hispanic culture
Hotness or coldness imbalance
Dislocation of internal organs
Magical or emotional origin
Stomach cramps is caused a ball of food sticking to the wall of the stomach
Health practices specific to end of life rituals (Sherman, 2008).
To the Hispanics, home is the preferred place of death
They do not focus on life support, especially if it prolongs the suffering of the patient.
They believe that fatalism and reliance to God are the central decision making regarding to end-of-life care
Death is often confronted with a humorous sarcasm and is viewed as an equalizer.
They believe that the dead return to the world of the living
Physiological variations of the Hispanic that affects treatment or response to treatment
Hispanic patients require less antidepressant medicines (Sutker & Adams, 2001).
They have more detrimental effects at lessened dosages than the whites (Sutker & Adams, 2001).
Role of nursing in the Hispanic Culture
Most Hispanics are not aware of nursing services and have false information.
They believe God can care for them more than nurses
Male nurses cannot help their women when giving birth.